As more commercial items have moved toward becoming born-digital, the face of certain industries has begun to change and adapt. Some of the most affected are in relation to books, periodicals, and music.
The e-book sector of the book industry has flourished in recent years, with increasing numbers of e-books and e-book readers being developed and sold, and rising numbers of books being born-digital.
Some publishing houses, including major ones, have formed imprints for digital-only books. Publishers who adopt these digital imprints see opportunities to save costs on things such as printing.
ePublishing can also give authors more independence from their publishers, because the digital marketplace creates a more direct connection between authors, their works, and the audience.
A trend has emerged where many scholarly journals have unbundled their print and electronic editions and allowed for separate subscription; these trends have created questions about how economically sustainable production of print versions is.